(BI-109) Old Testament Survey V
Major Prophets Part 2: Ezekiel and Daniel
Assignment for Lecture One:
(1) Copy and print out a copy of these notes before Lecture One. Notes may need to be spaced into outline format.
(2) Read Ezekiel Chapters 1- 3
Note: You may be asked on the evaluation if you did all reading assignments.
(3) Read the Pre-lecture Reading
Identifying of the Prophets
In the study of the Historical Books of the Old Testament Survey, we became familiar with the Kings of Israel and Judah. We also became familiar with the “preaching” prophets such as Elijah and Elisha who left no written records. In this study, we will gain a general knowledge of the “Writing Prophets,” the time they prophesied, who they prophesied to, and the content of their prophecy. This first project will be to arrange the writing prophets in their proper order as to type, time, to whom they prophesied, and the general content of their message. We will begin with general information about the prophets and work our way toward specific details.
Division One: What Type? Major and Minor Prophets
The Books of the “Writing Prophets” according to their order in the Bible are:
The Major Prophets
Isaiah Jeremiah/ Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel
The Minor Prophets
Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk
Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi
The first distinction is that the prophets are divided as “major” and “minor“ prophets. Why the division? Most scholars agree that the titles “major” and “minor” are simply due to the bulk of the writings and not degree of importance. In other words: the major prophets wrote longer books.
J. Sidlow Baxter makes an interesting statement in connection with the division of the prophets into classes of “major” and “minor.” He writes: “...the division of the seventeen prophetical books into ‘Major’ and ‘minor’ is no artificial distinction. In the former we find all the basic ethical features of Old Testament prophecy and of Messianic prediction. In Isaiah, the coming Messiah is seen as both the suffering Savior and as the ultimate Sovereign who reigns in world empire. In Jeremiah... the ‘Branch’ of David... In Ezekiel... the perfect Shepherd-King... In Daniel... Messiah ‘cut off’ and yet, standing up at last as universal Emperor... The twelve writings grouped as the ‘Minor Prophets’, though they amplify various aspects, do not determine the main shape of Messianic prophecy. They conform to the general frame already formed for us in Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel.” In short, Baxter believes the distinction is based on the amount of prophesy concerning the coming of Christ.
Division Two: When? Preexilic, Exilic, Postexilic
John Phillips states: “...the writing prophets belong to three main periods of Hebrew history, either before, during, or after the Babylonian captivity.” What do we mean by Preexilic, Exilic and Postexilic? Some prophets prophesied before Judah was exiled (captured and carried off to Babylon); some while Judah was exiled; and some after Judah was exiled. Since the Babylonian captivity is dated from 586 B.C. to 536 B.C. (This is the period of time from the Destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar’s army recorded in II Kings 25 & II Chronicles 36 until the return of the first caravan of Babylonian captives to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel and Jeshua as recorded in Ezra 1 & 2) The prophets are classified as to whether they prophesied before, during or after this period.
First we notice the order of the prophets according to how they are listed in the Old Testament Biblical Order:
Isaiah Jeremiah/ Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Hosea Joel
Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah
Haggai Zechariah Malachi
This is the Biblical order. There are varied opinions as to why they were placed in this order. As already stated, some believe it was because of the length of the writing, while others say it is the importance and significance of the writing. The truth remains that the Bible order is not the order of historical appearance. Most of us have memorized the books of the Bible in the order of how they appear in the Bible. This is good because it helps to find each book quickly, but it is equally important that we understand the historical order in which these prophets came on the scene. Using the three categories: Preexilic, Exilic and Postexilic, we will arrange the prophets in their proper, historical order of appearance.
Joel Jonah Amos Hosea Isaiah Micah
Nahum Zephaniah Habakkuk Jeremiah Obadiah
These prophets prophesied before the Babylonian Captivity, or before the fall of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. Please note the order in which they prophesied. The order given above from left to right is the order in which these men served. In the Old Testament order, Isaiah appears first, then Jeremiah/ Lamentations, Ezekiel etc., but actually Isaiah is the fifth prophet according to when he prophesied, and Jeremiah is tenth. The order of appearance in the Bible is not the order of appearance in Israel’s history. With this in mind, let’s continue:
These two prophets prophesied during the Babylonian Captivity. Their prophetic writings are placed fourth and fifth in order in the Old Testament, but they actually prophesied after many of the minor prophets (see list above). They would be numbered as thirteenth and fourteenth in order of appearance in Hebrew history.
Ezekiel and Daniel ministered to the captives who were away from their temple, promised land and were in slavery to a pagan people. “... there was every opportunity for doubt and futility to seize their minds.” (L. R. Ringenberg)
Haggai Zechariah Malachi
“When, about the year 536, a Jewish remnant returned from Babylon, they set up the altar of burnt offering and laid the foundation of the temple. Due to circumstances (Ezra 4), the work of rebuilding ceased so that for at least fifteen years, no progress was made. After this long recess Haggai and Zechariah urged the leaders, Zerubbabel and Joshua, as well as the people, to resume the work.” (Hendriksen)
“While the book of Malachi is silent as to date, the unanimous opinion is that it belongs to the period of Ezra and Nehemiah (458 - 425 B.C.), and that Malachi was the last of the Old Testament prophets whose writings were recorded in the sacred canon.” (Ringenberg)
These last three prophets actually hold the same order in the Old Testament that they held in Hebrew History, after the captivity of Israel.
Division Three: To Whom? Israel or Judah
In our study of the Historical Books, we noticed that the Nation of Israel experienced a “split” following the death of Solomon (ca 931 B.C.). Jeroboam, one of Solomon’s officers, led ten of the twelve tribes of Israel to become the “Northern Kingdom” simply referred to as Israel. Rehoboam, the weak son of Solomon, led the remaining tribes of Judah and Benjamin to become the “Southern Kingdom” or Judah. Below is a list of the prophets given in their historical order. The left column names the prophet; the middle column tells whether he prophesied to Israel (Northern); Judah (Southern); both kingdoms; or a world power. The right column names the king(s) in power during the time his prophecy was given.
What is a Prophet?
“The appearance of a prophet was always a mark of apostasy and rebellion in Israel. The prophets raised their voices in loud protest against the prevailing idolatry, corruption, and blindness of their times, calling the nation back to God. It is a mistake to think that a prophet’s primary function was to foretell the future. The prophet did that of course, but he was first of all a man with a message from God for his generation, a “forthteller” rather than a “foreteller.” Often the prophets were statesmen with both insight and foresight, clearly seeing the end of the dangerous religious and political experiments of their contemporaries.” (John Phillips)
Date: 592-570 b.c.
Prophesied to: Babylonian Captives
King/Ruler(s): Was probably carried into captivity with King Jehoiachin in 597 b.c.
Key Phrase: “They shall know that I am God” found over 60 times in the book.
Outline For The Book Of Ezekiel
I. Prophecies of Judgment (Chapters 1-32)
A. Upon Israel (1-24)
1. The Prophet’s Call (1-3)
2. The Prophecies of the Fall of Jerusalem (4-24)
B. Upon the Nations (25-32)
II. Prophecies of Restoration and Blessing (Chapters 33-48)
A. The Triumph of Israel Through Tribulation (33-39)
1. Restoration After Judgments (33-37)
2. Exaltation After the Judgment of Gog and Magog (38-39)
B. The Temple and Worship of Restored Israel (40-48)
1. The Millennial Temple (40-43)
2. The Millennial Worship (44-46)
3. The Millennial Land (47-48)
Note: All question numbers marked by * should be studied in preparation for the course evaluation.
*1. The name “Ezekiel” commonly means “Whom God will ______________________” or “______________________________ by God.”
2. ________________ had been in Babylon nine years by the time Ezekiel arrived.
3. Ezekiel had been in Babylon nine years when ________________________ saw Jerusalem fall.
4. The title, “Son of Man” is used ________ times in reference to Ezekiel.
5. Only Ezekiel and ________________ are called by this name.
6. Ezekiel was a ________________as well as a prophet.
7. In Babylonia, Ezekiel lived with his wife in his own house at ________________ located on the ________________ River.
8. Among the mentioned personal sufferings of Ezekiel was the death of ________________________________________ which occurred suddenly during the siege of Jerusalem.
9. In the prophecies of Ezekiel, there was a very ____________________________ message to the people of Israel.
a. The older Jews in captivity are reminded of the reason for ________________________________.
b. The younger were reminded of the responsibility to flee ________________ and avoid God’s ________________________________________.
10. Although Ezekiel possessed considerable knowledge of the ________________________________________... there is no evidence that he ever served there.
11. The exact date and manner of Ezekiel’s ________________ are unknown.
The Prophet’s Call
*1. The place of Ezekiel's vision was by the River ____________________.
*2. The date is “the fifth year of King Jehoiachin’s captivity,” which would place the date at __________ b.c. or __________ b.c.
3. The introductory verses give five important statements.
a. “I was among the captives” - Ezekiel was a captive of ____________________, but shortly, he would be a captive of __________.
b. “the heavens were opened” - The vision he is about to see will contain present, near future, and distant future ______________________________ of the glory of God.
*c. “I saw visions of God” - Ezekiel saw visions from and pertaining to ______________________________.
d. “the hand of the Lord was there upon him” - God ____________________ and ____________________ His servant to carry the message.
(1) The cloud from the North: God’s storm of divine ______________________________ coming upon Judah through Babylon.
(2) The infolding fire pictures the ______________________________ of God in judgment.
(3) The living creatures are ______________________________. The representation of the four faces could be:
(a) man- ______________________________; lion- swiftness in____________________; ox- ____________________; eagle- ____________________.
(b) the four ____________________ which are four views of Christ.
*(4) The wheels represent the “wheels of God’s ______________________________ moved by the same spirit going straight forward.”
e. “...and they four had one likeness:” The Law, History, Poetry and Prophecy of the Hebrew Old Testament have the same ________________________________________.
(a) “They turned not as they went:” The Word of God goes forth from generation to generation; yet, it is ______________________________.
(b) The borders of the wheels were ________________________________________ above measure.
(c) “...and their rings were full of eyes which were all __________________________________________________________________.
(d) All servants and ministers of God are ____________________ and ____________________ in direct proportion to the Word of God.
(e) The spirit of these creatures was in harmony with the ____________________ in the wheels.
4. These creatures are around the throne of God with wings let down, awaiting God’s ____________________.
5. The reason for the lack of detail in Ezekiel’s vision of the heavenly throne could be because he was looking through the veil of the ______________________________ of the Old Testament.
1. Ezekiel, addressed as “the Son of man” is commanded to stand and listen to the ______________________________ of God.
2. He is reminded that he will be prophesying to a ______________________________ people.
3. The scroll contained a message which grows ______________________________ stronger.
*1. Ezekiel is commanded to “eat” the roll, which means to make its message a ________________________________________ of himself.
2. Being led of the Spirit, Ezekiel went in sorrow and anger to the captives of ______________________________ where he sat down among them and remained there for __________ days.
3. Ezekiel was to warn Israel of the ______________________________.
The Prophecies of the Fall of Jerusalem
1. Ezekiel was to draw a likeness of _____________________ on the tile to show that it was going to be _____________________ and _____________________.
2. Ezekiel was to lie on his left side for _______ days and his right side for _______ days representing Israel’s 430 years of disobedience.
*3. The mixture of grains and lentiles speaks of the coming ______________ to the people in Jerusalem because of the ______________.
1. The sharp knife used as a razor represents the judgment of God which was _____________________.
2. The hair represented the people of _____________________.
3. The “few in number” hairs to be bound in Ezekiel’s “skirts” promise that there will be a ________________________________________________________.
1. Ezekiel is commanded to prophesy against the _____________________.
2. The “promised land” given to them by God had been used for the purpose of _____________________.
(Chapter 7) The Lord who had _____________________ was now the “Lord that _____________________.”
1. Ezekiel was transported to Jerusalem and shown the ______________.
2. The importance here is not in establishing who or what the “image of jealousy” was of, but rather the _____________________ of God to it.
3. Among those involved in secret sins were the ______________.
*4. Tammuz was a false goddess worshiped by the ____________________________.
*1. The six men who are ready to issue judgment upon the idolatrous inhabitants of Jerusalem are actually _____________________.
a. The identity of the linen-clothed man with the inkhorn could be a ____________________________ manifestation of Christ.
b. or a _______, or _____________________ of Christ.
(Chapter 10) As judgment falls, the glory of God ______________ from the temple and the city.
1. God reminds the inhabitants that Jerusalem will not be their “caldron,” and they are going to be in the very midst of the ___________________________________.
*2. Jaazaniah and Pelatiah mean “God ______________” and “God _____________________.”
3. Ezekiel is carried back to _____________________ to share all that he had seen and heard with those in captivity.
1. Ezekiel is commanded to dress as a pilgrim as an illustration of the __________________________________________ of Jerusalem.
*2. Chapter 12 He is also given a prophesy which contained a detailed description of the fate of ___________________________________.
3. The delay of God’s judgment is usually ____________________________.
*1. Ezekiel is commanded to speak against ______________ who take unscriptural places of service.
2. “Untempered mortar” was a form of “____________________________” used in biblical times to cover a crack, but did not fix it.
1. Idolatry in the ______________ is as wicked as open idolatry because it occupies the place God most ______________.
2. Most religion is geared toward an outward appearance without dealing with the “______________ problem.”
3. Noah, Daniel and Job had all passed through _____________________.
4. If these three men were in Jerusalem, their faith could only deliver _____________________ and not ____________________________.
5. The promise of a ______________ of Israel is again given.
*1. The parable of the vine being burned is given to dispel any remaining _____________________ that the city will be _____________________.
2. God had _____________________ and ______________ Israel as a vine for the purpose of bearing fruit.
3. No being fruitless, they were fit for only one thing- to be ______________; and ____________________________ was about to start the fire (II Kings 25:9).
1. Israel/ Jerusalem is liked to an abhorred and rejected ______________ found by God and nurtured into a lovely and beautiful ______________.
2. She played the ______________ with every passer-by.
3. Her abomination is compared to ______________ and _____________________ who should have served as examples of God’s judgment.
*4. God promises a future _____________________ of His people under an “_____________________ covenant.”
*1. The first great eagle mentioned in the parable represents ____________________________, King of Babylon.
2. The “highest branch” refers to the capture of King _____________________ in 597 b.c.
*3. The second eagle is representative of the Egyptian King, ______________ from whom King Zedekiah sought help in gaining independence from Babylon.
4. In the tender branch of the high cedar, we see a fore-shadow of the Lord Jesus Christ as the _____________________ and _____________________ of Israel.
5. The low tree which is exalted and the dry tree which is made to flourish stands for the ____________________________ of the Kingdom of Israel when the Son of David, Our Lord, comes again.
1. The unjust proverb declared that the blame for the present condition of the Jews should be placed on the ___________________________________.
2. The Jews wanted to claim the power of God with their _______, but limited His power to effect their ____________________________.
*1. The mother lioness is the royal line of Israel which is ______________.
*2. Her two whelps are:
*a. _____________________ who was carried off into captivity by Pharaoh Necho of Egypt.
*b. _____________________ who was taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.
c. Some scholars have extended the application of the second whelp to King _____________________.
3. The glory, life and restoration will not be fully realized until __________________________________________ returns to take the throne and reign in righteousness.
1. Israel had been alienated from communication with God by their _____________________.
2. A ____________________________ recounting of the sinful actions of Israel is then given. They were rebellious in Egypt; in the wilderness, and even in the land God had given them.
3. Verses 40 through 44 speak of the still future _____________________ of Israel.
4. This chapter closes with a near future prophesy of the destruction of Judah/Jerusalem at the hands of God’s instrument, _____________________.
1. Ezekiel’s sigh was to provoke the people to enquire of the reason for _____________________.
2. Nebuchadnezzar is standing at the crossroads trying to decide whether to attack _____________________ or _____________________.
a. He uses _____________________ to make his decision.
b. He used two ______________ as lots in a quiver to make his decision.
c. Some men of God extend the prophesy beyond the overthrow of ____________________________ to the still future overthrow of _____________________.
3. Because the lot has fallen on Jerusalem at this time does not excuse the _____________________ from judgment.
1. This is a great exposure of the ________________________ sins of the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
a. The priests were ________________;
b. the princes were ________________;
c. the prophets were ________
d. the people were ________________.
2. God sought one good man to to stand in the path to block God’s departing glory and coming judgment through ________________________, but there was none to be found.
*1. Samaria and Jerusalem are pictured as two sisters named ________________ and ________________.
2. Within this picture of the two adulterous women, there is apparently the reflection of an ________________________________ committing adultery within the walls of Jerusalem.
1. The rusty pot represents ________________________.
2. The pieces of meat represent the people who will be ________________.
3. Ezekiel was commanded refrain from showing any ________________________________ over the death of his wife.
4. The people mocked Ezekiel and the other prophets because of their ________________.
Judgment Upon the Nations
1. The prophecy of Ezekiel moves away from the inhabitants of Jerusalem to the surrounding nations:
*a. The Moabites and the Ammonites were descendants of ________ .
*b. The Edomites were the descendants of ________.
c. The Philistines were ________________________________ of Israel from the days of Samson the judge to the Kingdom of David.
2. The major complaint of God against them is their ________________________________________________________ of Jerusalem.
1. Tyre was located part on the ________________________ and part on ________________.
2. As the result of a siege, Tyre was subjugated by ________________________________ and lost its position as an ________________________________ power forever.
3. The fall of Tyre began with Babylon and was completed by ________________________________________________.
1. Tyre is presented as a well constructed ________________________ about to be sunk by ________________.
2. A comparison can be made to the ________________________________ of the world system, Babylon the Great during the Tribulation Period.
*1. The “prince of Tyrus” historically refers to ________________________, the king of Tyre at the time.
*2. However, within this prophecy given, we find a message given to two other beings, the ________________________ and ________________.
3. In verse 11 of Chapter 28, God begins to speak to none other than ________________ himself.
4. Basically, the history of Satan can be described as ________________________:
a. He is cast out of the ________________ of God;
b. He is cast down unto the ________________;
c. He is cast into the ________________________.
5. The city of ________________ was also captured during the Babylonian siege of Tyre.
1. In chapters 29 through 32, attention focuses toward ________________ which was also going to fall.
2. Pharaoh is pictured as a great ________________________ which was considered a god by the Egyptians.
3. Nebuchadnezzar’s long and drawn-out siege of ________ had produced little gain.
4. They would profit much better in their capture of ________________.
1. The expression “day of the Lord” includes:
a. the great ________________________,
b. Christ’s ________________ and His ________________...
c. the final ________________ of the wicked dead...
d. and the new ________________
2. The day of the Lord will include both ________________ and ________________________, and________ and ________________.
3. Here, the Day of the Lord refers historically to the day of God’s judgment upon Egypt through the ________________________ of Nebuchadnezzar.
*4. The breaking of Pharaoh’s arm refers to the defeat of ________________________________.
a. Nebuchadnezzar left ________________ to collect taxes of the Egyptians and returned to Babylon.
b. Hophra was released to the people of Egypt who immediately ________________________________________________.
1. Pharaoh is compared to ________________ who as a great cedar tree standing proud and strong was brought down.
2. Verses 14 through 17 could refer to a reunion in hell with those Egypt had ________________ or been ________________ with in sin.
3. The inhabitants and nations of the earth will have a different idea about “________________________” when they find themselves in hell.
1. The date is given to reveal that the contents of this chapter should be placed a year after the________________________________________.
2. This chapter has two parts:
a. The first half is a ________________________ over the fall of Pharaoh.
b. The second half takes us on a journey into the world of the ________________________.
3. Egypt is portrayed as:
a. a young ________,
b. a great ________________ ;
c. and a ________________________ waiting to draw its prey into the water in violent fury.
4. The second half of this chapter pulls back the vail of death to reveal the regions of the damned to a place called ________ to be tormented until they stand before God and are cast into the ________________________.
Prophecies of Restoration and Blessing
The Triumph of Israel Through Tribulation
Restoration After Judgments
*1. Ezekiel is reminded of his call and responsibility to be a “____________________” for his people Israel.
2. Although the fall of Jerusalem was a ________________ in the eyes of the Israelites, it was a great ________________ in the eyes of God and His prophet. The will of God had been performed.
3. Ezekiel was to seize the opportunity of the moment to help his people ____________________________ their relationship with their God.
4. The “opening of the mouth” of Ezekiel occurred ________________________ with the news of the fall of Jerusalem.
a. Some believe that Ezekiel had remained ________________ for three years.
b. Others believe that Ezekiel was “dumb” in the sense that he could not speak of ________________, but only what God gave him to say.
5. Ezekiel is likened to a singer whose tune is ________________, but the words of the song are ________________.
*1. The “shepherds” are the leaders of Israel which would include ________________________________________________.
*a. More clearly, the ________________ and ________________ heads of state.
b. Both governing groups had ________________________________.
2. Two things were going to happen:
a. these “shepherds” would lose their ________________ and be ________________;
b. and ________ Himself would regather the flock of Israel.
(1) The mention of David refers to ________________ as of the line of David called the “Son of David.
(2) The “covenant of peace” is speaking of the _______________________________ promised to Israel.
1. Mount Seir was the capital of ________.
2. The ________________________ had sought to move in and occupy the land after the Israelites were carried off into captivity.
*1. As part of the restoration of Israel, all of the nations of the world will be gathered and judged for their ________________________ of the Israelites.
a. Some believe it will be based on the nations’ treatment of Israel ________________________________________;
b. Others restrict the time of accountability to the ________________________________________________.
2. There is a divine reminder that the idolatry, rebellion and captivity of Israel is ________________________.
3. The blight on the land was the result of the ________________________ they exercised to relieve it.
4. Verses 25 through 29) offers some of the clearest Old Testament prophecy concerning the doctrine of the ________________ through ________________________ of the Holy Spirit.
1. This prophecy also goes far beyond the partial return of the captives of Judah with Ezra and Nehemiah to the future restoration of ________________________________ under one king.
*2. The valley of dry bones is viewed by some as being symbolic of the ________________________.
3. The two mountains between which the valley laid are viewed by some as ________________________________ where Christ died on the cross and ________________________, the mountain on which Jerusalem stood.
4. Israel, as a nation, is ________________ and ________________________________________ and will remain so until God restores it to life.
5. During the time of Israel’s national death, God is calling out a ________________________________ for His Son.
6. All twelve tribes (all Israel) shall be united under the reign of the ________________________________________ (Luke 1:32-33).
Exaltation After Judgment of Gog and Magog
*1. Most of today’s “prophecy buffs” identify Gog as ________________.
2. Alderman says “The allies include:
a. Persia (modern ________);
b. Ethiopia and Libya (maybe the Ethiopia of Eastern and Northern ________________, but more likely ________________ countries.
c. Gomer (definitely identifiable with ________________________);
d. Togarmah (ancient ________________)”
3. This is going to be direct attack of monumental scale upon ________________.
4. The result will be the complete ________________________________________________ of this confederacy by God.
5. Most of the leading prophetic scholars of today place this event around the middle of the ________________________________________________.
a. A less likely interpretation presents this invasion as the battle of ________________________ at the close of the Tribulation Period.
b. Because of the use of the words “Gog and Magog,” some have even tried to see this as the final revolt of ________________ at the end of the ________________________________.
6. Chapter 39 closes with a final promise of the ________________________ of Israel.
The Temple and Worship of Restored Israel
The Millennial Temple
1. This is the second time Ezekiel was transported in a vision to ____________________ and shown the temple.
a. The first vision showed the ______________________________ departing from the Temple and Jerusalem in preparation for judgment upon the city.
b. The contents of this second vision reflect the splendors and glory of the ________________________________________ of Christ.
2. The pattern of this Temple follows the general design of ________________________________________ .
3. One interesting fact is the absence of ________________________________________ in the construction of this Temple.
The Millennial Worship
*1. The Eastern Gate is the passage way in which the ______________________________ returns to the Temple.
2. The prince mentioned must mean the ____________________ under Messiah.”
3. The Sabbath, new moon and daily offerings are ____________________.
The Millennial Land
1. The life giving stream is the same spoken of by the prophets __________ and ____________________.
*2. The mention of Engedi and Eneglaim signify that the entire area of the ____________________ will be purified.
*3. Those taking the literal position, believe there will be a __________ river, and a __________ tree with healing in its leaves.
*4. Those who choose the symbolic interpretation believe that these are but a ____________________ of the power of God and Christ flowing out into the world.
a. Instead of the literal Dead Sea being purified and bringing forth fish; they see a symbolic Dead Sea which represents______________________________ dead in trespasses and sin.
b. The basis of this symbolic interpretation is that the purification, restoration and fruit bearing are all ____________________, and not literal.
5. The land known as Palestine was given to the descendants of ____________________ as an eternal inheritance.
6. The city will be located on the site of __________________________ and will measure about 7 1/2 miles square.
a. Gates are usually to ____________________ the in and out flow of a city and served as the place of ______________________________ of the city as well.
b. From this place, Christ will ____________________ and ______________________________ the world.
*7. The Hebrew name for the eternal city will be Jehovah Shammah which means”________________________________________.”
Date: 605 - 536 b.c.
Prophesied to: Babylonian Captives
Author: Daniel The Prophet
Purpose: “Daniel is both history and astounding prophecies concerning future events, which only the true God could have revealed to man... It defended the Biblical position of monotheism- the fact of and the worship of one true God” (Deal).
Theme: The power of God in the past, present, and future history of the human family.
Outline For The Book Of Daniel
I. Daniel the Prophet (Chapters 1-6)
A. His Morality Tested (Chapter 1)
B. His Gift Manifested (Chapter 2)
C. His Dedication Tested (Chapters 3-6)
II. The Prophesy of Daniel (Chapters7-12)
A. The Four Beasts (Chapter 7)
B. The Ram, He-Goat, and Little Horn (Chapter 8)
C. The Seventy Weeks (Chapter 9)
D. The Evil Influence Behind World Powers Revealed (Chapter 10)
E. The Evil Influence Behind World Powers Demonstrated (Chapter 11)
F. The Evil Influence Behind World Powers Defeated (Chapter 12)
Daniel the Prophet (Chapters 1-6)
*1. Daniel was taken to Babylon in during the first invasion of ______ B.C.
2. Nebuchadnezzar was an __________________ of God to __________________ Israel for their failure to honor and serve Him.
*3. The “times of the Gentiles” refers to a period of time when Jerusalem is under ___________________________.
Daniel’s Morality Tested (1:3-21)
1. Ashpenaz was in charge of the __________________.
2. Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were all given __________________ names.
*a. Hananiah is named ___________________________.
*b. Mishael was called ___________________________.
*c. Azariah became ___________________________
1. David refused the food and wine that he might not ____________________________________.
2. At the end of the ten days, the ___________________________ and ___________________________ of Daniel and his three friends excelled that of the other eunuchs.
1. The four young men were given by God an advanced ability to _________ and ___________________________.
2. The magicians and astrologers were those who used various __________________ and __________________ to acquire knowledge.
3. Daniel was given the gift of ___________________________ visions and dreams.
4. Daniel was going to be used of God to reveal great ___________________________.
Daniel’s Gift Manifested (Chapter 2)
(Verses 1- 12)
1. Nebuchadnezzar could not remember the ___________________________ of the dreams.
2. Nebuchadnezzar was so ___________________________ that he ordered all the wise men in Babylon to be _______________.
(Verses 13- 30)
*1. __________________ was commissioned to carry out the order to kill all of the magicians, astrologers, and sorcerers in the land of Babylon.
*2. His name means “___________________________.”
3. Daniel and his friends were considered “wise men” and numbered among those to be ___________________________.
4. After __________________ and __________________ were made unto God by Daniel and his companions, God revealed the king’s dream to Daniel.
(Verses 31- 45)
1. Daniel first gives the __________________ of the king’s dream.
2. Daniel then proceeded to interpret the immediate meaning of the dream.
a. The gold head empire was __________________ under the rule of Nebuchadnezzar himself.
b. The silver empire was the ___________________________ empire.
c. The brass empire was __________________ .
d. The iron empire was the __________________ Empire.
e. The feet of iron and clay show the division of the Roman Empire from a __________________ power to a __________________ power dwelling among the nations of the world.
*f. The stone not cut by hands and the mountain is the coming World Kingdom established by God through __________________.
(Verses 31- 45)
1. In response to Daniel’s interpretation, Nebuchadnezzar ordered that he be worshipped as a ___________________________ of the greatest and most powerful God.
2. At Daniel’s request, his three friends were ___________________________.
Daniel’s Dedication Tested (Chapters 3-6)
The Image and the Furnace
1. Some scholars believe that it was an image of ____________________________________ himself.
2. At a signal of the instrument all the populace of the empire was to __________________ and __________________ the image.
3. The penalty for breaking this law was death in a ___________________________.
1. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego __________________ to bow and worship the image.
2. It is interesting that __________________ is not mentioned in this chapter.
3. To the astonishment and fear of Nebuchadnezzar, the tree men were ___________________________ by the fire.
*4. The fourth man in the furnace could either be a ___________________________ appearance of Christ, or a __________________manifestation of God in Hid protective power.
1. Nebuchadnezzar decreed that anyone who defames the name of the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego would be __________________ and their house ___________________________.
2. Nebuchadnezzar had seen the __________________ of God and the __________________ of God in the protection of the three in the furnace.
Nebuchadnezzar’s Next Dream
*1. This fourth chapter is given as a ________________________ account by Nebuchadnezzar.
2. The king gave Daniel a name to honor a ________________.
3. Nebuchadnezzar dreamed of a ________________________ that grew up into heaven and could be seen from all over the earth.
a. The message is given in the form of a command to cut down the tree and ravage its ________________ and fruit to scatter its ________________________.
b. The stump of the trunk of the tree was to remain banded with a band of ________ and ______________.
c. The tree represented ________________________________ himself.
d. The command to cut down the tree spoke of a time when Nebuchadnezzar would be reduced to the level of an ________________________________________ in the field.
1. After twelve months of God’s ________________, Nebuchadnezzar still ________________ of his power and glory in the building of the Babylonian Empire.
2. He was given over to ________________ for three and one half or seven years.
3. His hair became matted like long stiff ________________, and his nails became long like ________________.
1. At the end of the seven times, Nebuchadnezzar ________________________ God and was restored to ________________.
2. He acknowledged both the ________________ (earth and heaven) and ________________________ (everlasting dominion) of God’s sovereignty.
1. Chapter 4 gave us a lesson in ________________.
*2. Belshazzar was actually the ________________________ of Nebuchadnezzar.
3. The presence of ________________ implies that Belshazzar’s feast was one of wicked immorality.
4. The ________________ of a man’s ________ appeared and wrote a message upon the wall.
1. When Daniel was brought before the king, he ________________ the reward and ________________________ the writing on the wall.
*2. The message was simply MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN.
*a. MENE means “________________________”
*b. TEKEL means “________________________.”
*c. UPHARSIN means “________________________.”
The Fall of Babylon
1. That night, ________________ the Mede took the kingdom and killed Belshazzar.
2. The details of the siege and fall of Babylon were given in prophecy by ________________________ years earlier.
*1. Darius would be the ruler representing the ________________ and Cyrus would be the ruler representing the ________________. This latter theory is more likely the case.
2. King Darius to sign a decree forbidding any ________________ or ________________ of any god or person other than the king for thirty days.
3. The violator would be ________________________________________.
4. Daniel ________________________________________ as he had always done.
Daniel in the Lion’s Den
1. Daniel was cast into the lion den and the den was sealed with a ________________.
2. The king also knew of Daniel’s record concerning his ________________________________ with God and thought it was possible for Daniel’s God to ________________________ him.
3. The king ________________ to hear the voice of Daniel proclaiming the wonderful ________________________ power of God.
4. Daniel’s claim to innocence was not ________________________________________________.
5. Those who had plotted against Daniel were ________________________________________________ and were immediately ________________.
6. Darius made a new ________________ which commanded all to ________________________ the True God of Israel.
The Prophesy of Daniel (Chapters 7-12)
The Four Beasts
The Four Beasts (Verses 1-8)
1. The sea represents __________________, or the __________________ .
2. The four winds represent ___________________________ activity which influences ___________________________.
3. The four beasts coincide with the ___________________________ seen by Nebuchadnezzar.
a. The lion represents __________________; the bear represents ___________________________; the leopard represents __________________; and the incomparable beast pictures _________.
b. The ten horns are ten kings, which represent _____________________________________________.
*c. The little horn represents the ___________________________.
d. Some have identified the three horns as three leaders within the ___________________________ that have been overthrown.
The Ancient of Days and Son of Man (Verses 9-14)
1. The Ancient of Days is _________ on His throne having complete control over ___________________________.
2. The Son of Man is __________________ seen in His ___________________________ as King of kings and Lord of lords.
The Interpretation (Verses 15-28)
1. The diversity of the fourth beast empire is the fact that it will be a _______________________________________________________________ empire.
*2. The revised ___________________________ will be the last world empire before Christ’s Kingdom is established.
3. The little horn will arise out of this final __________________ empire and become the ruler of the empire.
4. He will ___________________________ both Israel and the saints during the Great Tribulation Period, and be ___________________________ by Christ.
The Ram, He-Goat, and Little Horn
1. Most scholars agree that the Ram and the He-Goat are visions of the ___________________________ and __________________ empires.
2. The Ram represents the ____________________________________ Empire (ca. 538 - 333 B. C.)
3. The He Goat represents the __________________ Empire (ca. 333 - 63 B.C.).
a. The single horn would have to be ______________________________________________________ who conquered the Persian Empire.
b. The four horns speak of the division of the Greek Empire into ___________________________, __________________, __________________, and ___________________________.
4. The Little Horn here is an ___________________________ figure who is a picture of the prophetic ___________________________.
a. This little horn is _____________________________________________ who came out of the Syrian division of the Greek Empire.
b. He was known as the “______________________,”
c. When he conquered Jerusalem he sacrificed a _________ upon the altar of burnt offerings.
5. The time described by Gabriel to Daniel has all the characteristics of the _____________________________________________ which is to come upon the earth in the last days.
The Seventy Weeks
1. The first nineteen verses of the chapter contains Daniel’s prayer to God concerning __________________.
2. The Seventy Weeks prophecy offers a time line concerning the events leading up to the coming of Christ the Messiah and the revelation and defeat of the ____________________________________.
3. The weeks mentioned are not weeks of days but weeks of ______________.
*a. Part One) As already established the first part of the 490 years is a 49 year period lasting from ___________________________’ decree in 445 B.C. until ___________________________ was restored in 396 B.C.
*b. Part Two) The second part (434 years) is marked as ending when Messiah shall be “cut off” which refers to Christ’s ____________________________________.
*c. Part Three) The third part is a period of seven years when ___________________________ will be revealed and __________________ by Christ.
*(1) This seven year period is known as the _____________________________________________.
(a) The first 3 1/2 years will be a time of __________________ when Antichrist is establishing his empire.
(b) In the middle of the 7 years, he will proclaim himself to be __________________.
(c) The second 3 1/2 years will be known as the _____________________________________________ Period due to the persecution of Israel and God’s judgment upon the world.
(2) When the Jews ___________________________ Christ, the seventy week prophecy concerning Israel and __________________ to progress.
(3) The period of time which will continue from the death of Christ to the Rapture of the Church is known as the ___________________________.
(4) The moment the Church is taken out of the world, the seventieth week will _______________.
(5) This seventieth week will end when Christ returns to earth in glory to ______________________________________________________.
The Gentile World Powers
The Evil Influence Behind World Powers Revealed
1. Cyrus ruled Persia from about _______ B.C. until _______ B.C.
a. Cyrus ___________________________________ to the Jews.
*b. As part of Cyrus’ decree, _______ was sent to Jerusalem to ______________ the temple.
2. Daniel prayed for ___________________________________.
3. The “certain man” clothed in linen was probaby _____________________ who had come to Daniel in Chapters 8 and 9.
*4. The prince and princes mentioned in verses 13 and 20 are _____________________ beings.
5. In this chapter of Daniel, we are allowed to see the spiritual conflict and the planned organization of _____________________ forces.
The Evil Influence Behind World Powers Demonstrated
1. The three kings in Persia were:
b. _____________________, Cyrus’ son;
c. _____________________, the great monarch from 522 B.C. to 486 B.C.
*2. The fourth ruler was Xerxes who was the ____________________________ in the Book of ______________.
*3. The mighty king is __________________________________________.
4. The kings of the north and south refer to the _____________________ of Syria and the _____________________ of Egypt.
5. Verses 21 through 35 reveal the then future deceit and treachery of _________________________________________________.
6. The final verses of Chapter 11 show that the evil of Antiochus Epiphanes is but a shadow of ____________________________.
a. He will make a _____________________ with Israel reestablishing the temple worship in Jerusalem.
b. Suddenly in the middle of the seven year period, he will ___________________________________ of God and declare that he is God.
c. He will rule the world and _____________________ the Jews until Christ returns to _____________________ him and his empire.
The Evil Influence Behind World Powers Defeated
1. The period of time referred to here is the last half of the seven year Tribulation Period which is known as the _________________________________________________”
*2. The mighty angel _____________________ is here seen as the angel of ____________________________ to Israel.
3. The resurrection mentioned has to do with _____________________ who will be resurrected during this time.
4. The two angels standing on each side of the river could be _____________________ and _____________________.
5. The one in linen is the _________________________________________________ as seen in Rev. 1:13-20.
6. The closing verses of Daniel’s prophecy give a definite time line for the end times, ot the __________________________________________.
a. The Abomination of Desolation, the ____________________________ will cause the sacrifices to cease half way through the seven year Tribulation period.
b. From that time, there will be ____________ days which adds up a month over 3 1/2 years.
c. Then there is another mention of ____________ days in verse 12 which is 75 days more than 3 1/2 years.